Do you know who is Pope Benedict? Pope Benedict XVI, also known as Benedictus XVI, Benedetto XVI, or Benedikt XVI, was the head of the Roman Catholic Church and the ruler of the Vatican City State from 19 April 2005 until his resignation on February 28, 2013. He was born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger in Germany and died on December 31, 2022. Following the passing of Pope John Paul II in 2005, Benedict was chosen to serve as pope. When Benedict resigned, he opted to use the moniker “pope emeritus.”
Ratzinger began his academic career after being ordained as a priest in his home Bavaria in 1951. By the late 1950s, he had become a well-known theologian. When he was 31 years old, he was given the title of full professor. He spent a significant amount of time teaching theology at several German universities before Pope Paul VI nominated him as the Archbishop of Munich and Freising and made him a cardinal in 1977. This was an uncommon promotion for someone without any pastoral experience. One of the most significant dicasteries of the Roman Curia, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, nominated him, Prefect, in 1981. He additionally served as the College of Cardinals’ Dean from 2002 until his elevation as pope. As one of John Paul II’s closest confidants, he was “a significant presence on the Vatican stage for a quarter of a century” and had “second to none” influence over determining church priorities and directions. Between 1981 and 2022, he resided in Rome. Below you will read details about Who is Pope Benedict?
Who is Pope Benedict?
Who is Pope Benedict: In his parents’ home in Marktl, Bavaria, Germany, at Schulstraße 11, at 8:30 on April 16, 1927—Holy Saturday—Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger was born. The same day, he underwent baptism. He was the third and youngest child of police officer Joseph Ratzinger Sr. and Maria Ratzinger (née Peintner); Georg Ratzinger, a German monk and politician, was his grand-uncle. His mother’s side of the family originated in South Tyrol (now in Italy). Georg Ratzinger, Benedict’s older brother, was a Catholic priest and the previous conductor of the Regensburger Domspatzen choir. Maria Ratzinger, his sister, never got married and took care of her brother Joseph’s home until her passing in 1991.
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Ratzinger, then five years old, was among a group of kids who presented flowers to Cardinal Archbishop of Munich Michael von Faulhaber upon his visit. Later that day, he declared that he wished to become a cardinal after being struck by the cardinal’s special attire. He went to the Aschau am Inn elementary school, which was renamed in his honor in 2009. He joined a Traunstein minor seminary in 1939 when he was 12 years old. The students were all sent home at the end of this time frame when the seminary was closed to military use in 1942. Ratzinger visited Traunstein once more.
Pope Benedict’s Career
In 1959, Ratzinger was appointed a professor at the University of Bonn. His opening address was titled “The God of Faith and the God of Philosophy.” He relocated to the University of Münster in 1963. He took part in the Second Vatican Council from 1962 and 1965 and worked as a peritus (theological consultant) for Cardinal Frings of Cologne during this time. When the council was in session, he was regarded as a reformer because of his collaboration with theologians like Hans Küng and Edward Schillebeeckx. Karl Rahner, a well-known academic theologian of the Nouvelle Theologie and an advocate of church reform, won Ratzinger’s admiration.
To serve as the Archbishop of Munich and Freising from 1977 to 1982
After being appointed on 24 March 1977, Ratzinger was ordained on 28 May 1977 as the Archbishop of Munich and Freising. From the Third Epistle of John, he selected the motto Cooperatives Veritatis (Latin for “cooperators of the truth”) as his episcopal motto; in his autobiography Milestones, he elaborated on this decision.
Pope Paul VI appointed him Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria Consolatrice al Tiburtino in the consistory of 27 June 1977. At the 2005 conclave, he was one of just three cardinals under the age of 80 and one of only 14 who had been nominated by Paul VI. He and William Wakefield Baum were the only ones to attend the meeting.
The Catholic Church’s S*xual Abuse Crisis
Prior to 2001, local dioceses were mostly responsible for conducting investigations into claims of sexual abuse and penalizing offenders. John Paul II was persuaded by Cardinal Ratzinger in 2001 to make the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith responsible for all sexual abuse investigations inside the Catholic Church. “developed a familiarity with the dimensions of the problem that probably no other figure in the Catholic Church can claim,” writes John L. Allen Jr. of Ratzinger’s subsequent years. Ratzinger seems to have undergone something of a “conversion experience” in the course of 2003–2004, likely prompted by his confrontation with what he would later call “filth” in the Church. After that, he and his team tackled the cleanup with the fervor of new converts. Above you have read about Who is Pope Benedict and now you will read about his death details.
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Pope Benedict’s Death and Funeral
At the close of his audience on 28 December 2022, Pope Francis announced that Benedict was “extremely unwell,” praying that God would “comfort him and assist him in this testimony of love for the church to the death.” On the same day, Matteo Bruni, director of the Holy See Press Office, announced that Benedict was hospitalized after experiencing “an exacerbation of [his] health due to advancing age.” Francis, he said, visited Benedict at the Mater Ecclesiae convent after their audience concluded.
At 9:34 a.m. on December 31, 2022, Central European Time, Benedict passed away in the Vatican apartment where he had been living. As for his age, he was 95 years old.
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